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16.4. Electromagnetism

Electromagnetism is the information carrier in the universe.

The time from the end of the inflation phase at 10-32 seconds until 10-12 seconds is called the electroweak epoch. Then several exotic particles appear, such as W, Z and the Higgs bosons.

Two forces were active: gravity and the strong nuclear force. The process of shaping particles and giving them mass was barely underway.

In our idealistic worldview, accumulations were given ever higher, emergent interpretations. The accumulations were interpreted as something that flew around in concentrated areas and therefore had high kinetic energy. They acted as slings with erratic movements. They were held in place in their observed position by the strong nuclear force.

During this extremely short time, the basis is laid for what, in a moment, will become the quarks, but they only appear in the next phase.

The electroweak epoch got its name because still neither electromagnetism nor the weak nuclear force (radiation) have occurred. These two fundamental forces are still combined in the electroweak force.

At the end of the era, according to Wikipedia, there is a phase transition. Something must have happened that invalidated the previous understanding of the combined electroweak force.

A phase transition is a change of interpretation, rewriting previous knowledge. An example is when water turns to ice or steam condenses to water. It's not just about adding a new member to the «apple» category, not just an extension of a concept. It's a redefinition.

Something happened that changed the very notion of what the electroweak force is. It was suddenly understood that it is two things at once.

It can be compared to fruit suddenly being understood as apples and pears. A phase transition is a dramatic change from previous knowledge, an emergent reinterpretation that changes a great deal, just as winter with ice is quite different from hot summer with running water.

In a world created by thought, this is the most natural thing, the very essence of the concept of emergence. Knowledge is continuously expanded, divided, integrated and reinterpreted.

But the main rule is that knowledge is confirmed. You see what you think is an apple, take a bite and find that it is an apple. The definition of «apple» has thus been further confirmed.

We cannot speculate what happened during this particular phase transition in the electroweak era. Nor does physics have a good explanation.

Wikipedia says the following:
Little is known about the details of these processes. (ref7)
So, at 10-12 seconds, what is called electroweak symmetry breaking, the «phase transition», occurs (ref8). This is where the Higgs mechanism that gives particles mass arises, and at this point the last two of the four fundamental forces in the universe also come into existence, namely electromagnetism and radioactive radiation or the weak nuclear force.

After electroweak symmetry breaking, the fundamental interactions we know of – gravitation, electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions – have all taken their present forms, and fundamental particles have their expected masses, but the temperature of the universe is still too high to allow the stable formation of many particles we now see in the universe, so there are no protons or neutrons, and therefore no atoms, atomic nuclei, or molecules. (More exactly, any composite particles that form by chance, almost immediately break up again due to the extreme energies.)
We have already talked about the Higgs mechanism. In physics, this partially gives some particles mass, but only approximately two per cent of it, and not all particles. Why?

In our theory, we have said that mass, i.e. «weight», can be explained by the fact that kinetic energy is experienced as mass and that accumulations of «something» – i.e. particles – must have mass and at the same time a strong force to be able to keep together. The whole argument started with the fact that accumulations exist because spacetime patterns inevitably create them.

Particles that are not interpreted to be included in accumulations thus get no mass, as long as they do not move. The photon is the closest example.

The physics and mathematics of all this is very complicated. There are many physical theories, and the uncertainty surrounding the processes is substantial.

With our extremely simple, idealistic model, we only have to state that the Experiencer has created the concept of electromagnetism, which is a force. Under certain conditions, it is this that creates photons – light. We know from physics that photons are what allow us to see the surroundings around us.

Forces are «fields». Fields are ideas, laws, knowledge in the Experiencer. Electromagnetism is a law primarily about electrical and magnetic attraction and repulsion.